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Full text of "The parlement of foules"

Digitized by the Internet Archive 
in 2013 



http://archive.org/details/parlementoffouleOOchau 



(Cfetfe patfement of jfoufee, 
Written 6p itfeofftep Chaucer, 




d7 fyete 6egp npt# ttye pattement of Jf oufptf ♦ 

(C#e :proem. 
Tj2?e fpf eo effort, t#e ctaft eo 
fonge to feme, 
(Cffaeeap e o e#arp, eo #ar& 
ttye conquerpnge, 
fl£#e fcredfuf jope,aftvep t#at 
etit 60 yevne} 
JTf e^ie mcne 31 6e fo w, t#at myn fefpnge 
Rtetonyetf} witty tyie won&prfuf werkpnge 
^o eore p// wie, t^at w#an 31 on #pm tffynke 
flat woe 31 wef xvtyet tf$at3ftete or epnke* 
Cfot at 6e tfjat 3 knowe nat Cove in fce&e, 
fie wot tyow ttyat tye quititf} fofk #ere #pre, 
Sit #appit# me fuf ofte in 6okie ree&e 
©f (jiee tnytaktie an& ffie ctewct pre, 
(C^at te&e 3 wef (Je wefe 6e for& anb epre$ 
3f bar nat eepn, ?^ etrokie 6een eo eore, 
16ut iSob eave ewicty a totb ! 3eep na moore. 
C"©f usage, w#at for fuet an& w#at for fore, 
©n 6okie re&e 3f ofte, ae 3 pow tof&e. 
15utw#erfore tfjat 3 epeke af e^ie? Klat poore 
Jfgon, it flappe&e me for to 6e^ofi>e 
ibp^on a 6ok was wrete wit? fetterte of&e, 
Jtnb t?er//upon, a cetteyn t$in$ to feme, 
fl£#e fonge bay faf facte 3 re&fce anb pewe. 
CT Jfor oute of otbe feffcpe, ae men eep, 
ComptlJ attfjit newc corn from per to pere; 



Xtl 

Jtnb out of otbe Bokie, in $oob fey , 
Corny tfj at ttyie newe ecience ttyat men fere* 
TBnt now to purpoe ae ofttyie matete, - 
(Ho tebe fottty eo $an me to betite, 
(ttyat at ttyat bay me t$ou$fjte 6ut a tyte. 

C (ttyie 6ok, of wfjictf 3f make mencioun, 
(Bntyttt wae at tfjue ae 31 ectyat tefte, 
' (ZuffyMiOfttye&tem of gtcipionS 
Cfyapitevie eevene it fjabbe of tyevene anb tjefte 
Jfnb er£#e, anb eoutie ttfat tfjeveynne iweffe, 
<0f wtyictye, ae etfoitfy ae 31 can it trete, 
<0f (fie centence3lwete yow eeyn ttye Qteete. 

<E7 jfyret, tettitty it> wtfan gtcipion wae come 
3ln Jfffrtk, tfow f}e mette tyaeeynieee 
fotyat §ym for jote in avmye $at$ tmome. 
(ttyanne teffyttf tfe tyeve epectfe^anb of ttye Btyeee 
(ttyatwae Bettwiivt tfem titttfe bay $an myeee, 
Jfnb $ow tyie aunceette, Jfffrpcan eo fceere, 
i&an in tyie efep ttjat ny&f$t to tyym ampere. 

(^(ttyanne tetitittf it, ttjat from a eteuy pface, 
fyow Jfffrpcan tyatty §ym Cartage etfewib, 
Rnbwatnebe $ym 6e<forn of at (fie grace, 
Rnb eeybe, wtfat man tetnyb ottfet tewib 
(Hfyat tovebe comoiw profit, wetittljemb, 
$>e etyutbe imto a 6fpefuf pface wenbe, 
fctfeve ae jope ie ttyat taet witfyoutyn enbe. 

^(ttyanne ayebe tye if fofk ttyat tyete Been bebe 
fyan tyfanb bwettyn&e in amottfit pface. 
Rnb Jfffrtcan eeybe^He, witty outyn bvebe,' 



tl 

Jtnb ttfat oute present worftie tyvye space 
tiye 6ut a manev bet^w^atweye we trace, 
Rnb rigfltfuf fotk ecfluf goi) aftpr ttfey 5epe 
(Co tfevenei anb ectfewebe #p m tfje iftafa^ppe. 

C~flT#anne eifcwe&e #e #pm t#e tytetettfye ttfat %ete is, 
Tit regard ofttje JJewnpe quantite } 
3tt)b aftet etfevvebe fje §ym ttfe nyne eperis, 
Rnb aftpr ttfat t$e mefo&pe fjetbe §e 
(€f}at comp t$ of t^ifke eperte t^rpee t#re, 
fC?ae weffee of mmik Sen anb mefo&pe 
3fn tffie wottb #ere, anb came of armonpe* 

C~flC#an 6a5 #e #pm, epn ertflewas eo fpte, 
Rnb fuf of torment anb of IJar&e grace, 
fctjat §e ne ectfutbe #pm in t#e wottb betyte. 
fl£#anne totbe f$e #pm in cetteyn yetie tpace 
fofjat evety eterre e^uf&e come in/to tjie ptace 
fl£0er it wae feret, an& at ecflufbe out of mynbe 
(J£f$at in tt/ie wottb ie bon of at mankyt}be. 

(Cfotfanne prepe&e tfym §>cipion to teffe tfym at 
fofje weye to come iw/to ttyat tfevene Bti$i 
Rnb §e eeybe/ftinovQ ttfyn eetf feret inmottat, 
Jinb toke ay Seeyty ttyow wercfje anb wyeee 
(€o comoun profit, anb ttfoxv etfatt not myeee 
flCo comyn ewiftfp to tfyie pface fceere 
fotfat fuf of 6fpeee ie anb of eoufpe cfeere* 

C c T5nt Brekerie of t#e fawe, eot# to eepn, 
Jtn6 fpkeroue fofk, aftpr ttfat ttfey Sen bebe, 
£>c§ut wflirfe a/Soute ttje ettfye atwey in peyne, 
foyt manye a voottb Se pamb, out of brefce, 



ux 

3(nb tfjat fougevyn ie tjit vvekeb bebe; 
(tffan efjat tfyey come iwto ttyat 6fpefuf pface, 
fcow fjicfje to compn 180b eynben m grace ! ' 
A/ -1 r fee bay gan fatfen, anb tf}e betke ny$$t, 
V_J[fl£#at vevitf} Seetie from §ete 6eepne$ee, 
TBetafte me myn 6ok for fak of fpg#t, 
#n& to my 6e& 3 gan me for to bteeee, 
jfutfytb of ttjougtft anb 6my JJevpneeee,* 
Jfor 6ot#e 3 #a&5e tffynge tfjat 3 noffce, 
Jfnfr ek 3 ne tfabbe tf$yn$e ttfat 3 wofoe. 

C 35ut fpnaffy , mpn spirit at t#e faete, 
Jforwerp of myn fa6our af t#e bay, 
(Coke reete, t#at ma&e me to efepe faete; 
Rnb in myn etepe 3 mette, ae t#at 3 fap, 
$>ow#ffrican ty&fjt in ttje eame anay 
(&$atg>cipion $ym eay Bytfote tfyat tybe 
Wae come anb etob vi$f$t at myn 6ebie eybe. 

C~ fctjexvevy fluntere, etepynge in f}ie 6e6, 
(Co wobe at&en (jie mynbe $ot$ amon; 
fetfe juge btemytfy (jow fyee pteie Seen epeb; 
(&f}e cattete btemytfy fjow tfie catte ie son*, 
(&fje ticfje of $otb; tfje kny$$t fpgfltwitfj f$ie fon; 
(C#e epke met $e &rpnkpt# of ttye tunne*, 
(Htfe to vete met $e tfatf} §ie taby wonne. 

C 3 can nat eeyn if tfjat ttje came were 
Jfor 3 tjabbe teb of Jfffrican 6p//foren, 
fltfyat mabe me to mete ttjat tje etob tfjeete, 
TSnt tfjw teybe tje : ' (tfjovo Qaet tfje eo wet 6orn 
3n fokpnge of myn otbe 6ok to torn, 



uxx 

Ofwtyictye QftattoBye tougtyte nat a fyte, 
fctyat eumbet of ttyyn taBout wotbelquyteS 

G,* invocation. 

Uttyetea, ttyow 6fpefuf taby ewete, 
(ttyat witty ttyyn fetBtonb banntkt 
\yvtyom ttyow (eet, 
3tnb mabiet me ttyi$ ewevene fot to mete, 
%e ttyow myn tyefye in ttyie, fot ttyow mayet 6eet, 
JfewieetyatJl wye ttye nottty nottty weet, 
Wtyan 31 Betgan myn ewevene fot to write; 
§>o gif me mygtyt to tyme anb ek tenbyte. 
(ttye §>toty. 

$>ie foteeybe Jf ffrican me 
tyente amon, 

Jtnb fotttytwitty tyym unto a 
gate me Btou&tyte 
foygtyt of a path wattib of 
gteneeton*, 




Jfnb ovyt ttye gate witty (ettetie tatge v,wtowtyt 
(ttyetewete veteet iiwtete ae me ttyougtyt, 
On eyttyit eybe of fuf gtet biftetente, 
Of wtyicty Jectyat now eeyn ttye pteyn sentence . 
<C(£tyot$ty me men $on iwto ttyat Btyefntytace 
Of tyettie tyete anb bebty wonnbie cute$ 
(l£tyot$ty me men son awto ttyewette ofgtace 
(ttyeete gtene anb tmty ($ap etyal evete enbute ; 
fotyie ie ttyeweye to atgoob aventute*, 
TBe g£af>, ttyow tebete anb ttyyn eotwe out catte. 
Jff opyn am % paete in anb epeb ttye faetel 



uxxx 

C^?o^9 me men $on, tfjan epak tQat otQiv etbe, 
ionto tf}e mortaf ettokie oftffe epere 
Of wffictfe biebayn anb baunger ie tfje gpbe, 
/£#ere nevete tie efjaf freut ne tevyt 6ere. 
(tffie etrem po w febttfl to ttje eorwefuf were 
Ottjete ae tfje fiecf} in prpeoun ie at brpe; 
fl£f}eecffevQfn$ ie onfp ttje remebpe. 

CT /Cfleeewreof gofb anb 6fak i^wetpnwere, 
Of w#ic#e 31 gan a'/etonpb eo 6e/0ofbe; 
Jforw^i? fl£#<*t on encreeebe ap mpn fere, 
Jtnb wtt§ tljat otljir $an mpn (jette Botbe. 
fctfat on me ^ette, t^at otfjit bebe me cofbe j 
too wit fyabbt % for errour, for to ctfeee 
(Co entre or ffen 5 or me to eaw or feee. 

CTJRt^t ae 6e^twi$>epn abamauntie two 
Of ewne mygtyt a pece of prpn eet, 
Vie $at§ no my&§t to mcvc too nc fro, - 
Jpor wfjat t$at on may $atc ttjat otfjit tet, 
fctbc % ttfat npete w^etflir mc wae Beet 
(to cnttc or few, tit Jfffrpcan, mpn gibe, 
($e tfcntc, anb e#of in at t$e gatiewibc. 

(CTtnb *cfbe f '3lt ttantcwtityn in ttfyn face 
(£#pn errour, t#oug# t#ow teffe it not to me, 
JSut bveb t§e not to come imto ttfie ptace, 
Jfor tffie writpng nye no t$yn& ment Bi t#e, 
Vie By non, But $e iZovye eetvaunt 6e, 
JPor ttfow of tove tjaet foet ttfyn taete,3lge66e, 
Jte eek man (jattj of ewete anb 6pttprneeee. 

C" ' 16ut natflefee, outflow ttjat tfjow Be but, 



Bit ttyat ttyow canet not bo, yit mayet ttyow te, 
Sot manyc a man ttyat may nat etonbe a puf, 
3fe tikytty tyym at wtaetetynQ for to 6e, 
Jtnb bcmyn yitw fjet tyc bo Bet or tye; 
Jtnb, ttyetc ifttyow tyaet cunnyn$ for tenbite, 
3f etyat ttye etyexve mater for to wtyte: 

<U Witty ttyat myn tyanb tyc tok in tyie amon, 

©f wtyictye 31 confort kaug^te, anb ttyat ae faete; 
TBut£otbl 6o3wae &?ab anbwetBegoon! 
Sot ovetai wtyete ttyat 31 myn eyen caete 
Were tteie dab witty tevye ttyat ay ttyat facte, 
(Bctyc in tyie kynbe, of cofour froecfj anb gteene 
3te emerou&e, ttyat joye itvvae to eeene. 

(S^(€tyc Sytbete ok anb ek ttye tyatby aeety; 
flCtye pifere etm, ttye cofetc unto catayne*, 
fotye 6oy ere pipere \ tyotm to wtyippie taecty j 
(ttye eayfyn&e fyt ;ttye cipreeee, betty to pieyne; 
(ttye etyetete ew j ttye aep for etyaftye pteyne; 
(ttye otyve of pee, anb ek ttye btonke vyne; 
(ttye victor pafm, ttye tautet to bevyne. 

<[7 Jt Qatbyn eaw3l fuf of 6foepemp 6owye 
jbp^on a river in a grene me&e, 
(C#ere ae ttyet ewetneeee evetcmote imow ie; 
"Witty ftoutie wtyite, 6fewe, anb yetwe, anb re&e, 
3tnb cotbevvettetettemye notttyyng bebe, 
(ttyat ewemyn fuf of emafe ftectyie ftte, 
Witty fynnye tebe anb ekafie eytvyt 6rpg#te. 

dj <®n evety 6ow ttye Btybbie tyctbc 3f epnge, 
Witty voy$ of aungef in #ere atmonye*, 



5s: 

§>om 6eepe6e #em #ere Btybbie fottf} to 6rpnge. 
(€#e titete conyee to §ete ptey $unne §pej 
3tnb fetttfete at aBonte 3f $an aepye 
(C#e btebfut ro, t#e 6uk anb tfett anb tfynbe, 
Squprefie anb Beetle emate of gentif kpnbe. 

(COf inetteumentie of etrengie in a/Cor5 
j2?erbe 3f so pfepe a tavyef}yn& ewetneeee, 
(C?ae iE>ob, t#ae makere ie of af, anb Cord, 
Vie tfetbe nevete 6etyr, ae3f geeee; 
(tffetvpitfj awynb, onettfe it my&$t Be feeee, 
Qftabe in t§e tevye grene a noyee eofte, 
Rcotbaunt to t$e Btybbie eong; a tofte. 

<CflE#e aire ofttfat ptace eo attemprewae 
(£$at nevete wae grevaunce offjotne cofb; 
QCfjete wey ek every tjoteum epice anb grae$ 
Vie no man may ttfete waive eek ne ofb, 
IZitwae ttfetejoye mote a ttyoneent fotb 
flEtfan man can tette^ne nevete wotbe it ny&§te, 
TBut ay ctet bay to ony manye ey$te. 

C" fonbyt a tte Beieybe a weffe, 31 eay 

(Lupibe oute totb tym atwie forge anb file; 
Rnb at $ie fee f}ie 60 we at teby tay, 
Jtnbwet #ie boug#£pr tempetebe at ttfie wtfyte 
fl£#e (jevebie in t#e weffe,* anb wt# flirewife 
J>#e conctjebe (fern aftyt tfjey etfutbe eetve, 
.Some for to ete anb eome towounbe anb ketve. 

C~fl£#o wae 3fwar of |>feeaunce amon ty&tjt, 
Jfnb of Jfrap anb iCnet anb Cutteyeie, 
JTnb of e?e Craft t$at can anb Qattj t$e my$$t 



7s:X 

fl£o bon 6e force awigtyt to bon fofpej 
£>teftgurat wae etye, 3f npf nat fpej 
Jfnb 6p ffyfweeff un&pr an ok 31 geeee, 
J>aw3f £)efpt e#at etob witty USentiteete. 

C"3f eaw^Seute, wit^outpn onp wtpr; 
Jfnfc £out#e, fuf of game an&jofpte; 
Jfoofr#ar&pneeee an& Jffaterpe anf> £)eepr, 
flfteeeagerpe an& tyeebe anb ottyet tffte,- 
fyete nampe etyat not tyete Be totb for me,- 
Jfnfc up^on ptferie greete of jaeper fonge, 
3 eawa tempte of Btae ufounbeb etton&e. 

CRBoute ttyat tempte bauneebyn aftvep 
Wemen tmowe, of wtyictye eome ttyet weete 
Jfapre of tyemfeetf, anb eome of tyem were gap ; 
3fn kettefte at biectyevete wente ttyey ttyete, - 
fctyatwae tyete offpe aftvep, per Be peere,- 
3lnb on ttye tempte of boviewtyite anb fapre 
4)aw3f eyttynge manye an #tm&ere&e pepre. 

C TBpfote ttye tempte bore, fuf eo6prfp, 
£)ame pee eatwitty a cuttyn in tyite tyonb f 
Jfn6 6p #tre ep6e, won&pr fctecretfp, 
Oame jOactence eyttyn&e ttyete3 fonb 
Witty face pate, up^on an tyit of eonb *, 
3tnb atbitneyt wittynnne anb ekwittytoute, 
TSytyeete anb Rtt, anb of #ere fofk a route. 

(TWittyrinne ttye tempte, of epkptf tyoote ae fupr 
3f tyetbe a ewow ttyat &an atBoute tenne; 
Wtyictye eikie were engenbetebe witty beeyt 
fotyat mabyn ewrp airter for to Btenne 



5KXX 

<©f nevoeftaume; anbwet eeppeb3f ttyenne 
fctyat affe ttye came of eorwe ttyat t^ep brpe 
Cam of ttye Sittete ^obbeeee 3lefoepe. 

C7 fl£#e gob |>napue eaw3f ae 31 wente 

Wttf^inne t#e tempfe,in eowrepn pfaceetonbe 
3fn ewiclj arap atwtyan ttye aeee tyym eljente, 
Witty cti 6e np g#te, anb witty eepture in tyie tyonbe. 
Jfuf 6eepfp men gunne aeaye anb fonbe 
fopton tyie tyeb to eette of eunberp tyewe 
iSattonbie fuf of ffourrpe ftoectye anb newe. 

<U Jfnb in a ptive corner in beepovt 

jfonb 31 ioenue anb #tre porter foictyeeee 
fetyatwae fn£ no6fe anb #autapn of #pre port; 
£)erk wae ttyat ptace, 6ut aftprwarb f i$tytneeee 
31 eaw a fpte, - unnettye it mygtyte Be teeee, - 
3tnb on a 6eb of gofb ecfle fap to reete 
flTpf t#at ttye tyote eunne &an toweete. 

C" £?F e ^ te tyetiewitty a gofbene tflreb 
3^6ounben were, unttmeebe ae ectye fap, 
Rnb nakyb from t#e 6reet up to ttye tyeb 
<$en myztyttye tyyte ten; anb eottyty for to my , 
(€#e remenaunt wae wef kewrebe to mpn pay, 
foy&tytmtty a eu6tpf cowrcfletf of ioafence, 
Ottyet nae no tfltkkere cfot# of no befenee. 

CT fotye pface gaf a ttyoment eavoutie eote, 
3tnb 35acue, gob ofwyn^at #ire 6e//0pbe, 
Rnb £>eteie neyt, ttyat botty of flungtr 6oote; 
Rnb ae 3 eeybe amybbie (ay (Cppribe, 
(Co wtyam> on kneie two, ponge fofk t#ere crpebe 



flEo 6en #ere flefpe; 6ut ttfm 3 tet §em fye, 
Jfnb fetttfete in t$e tempte 3 $an etpie, 

iCf&tfat, in biepit of ©pane ttfe ctfaete, 
Jfuf manye a Bowe i/6toke #png on tf$e waf, 
Of mapbenpe ewicfje ae gunne IJere tymyewaete 
3n §yte eetvyee. 3tpeyntebe were owraf 
Jfuf manpe a etorp ofwtfictfe 3 touctfe 6§af 
«# fewe, ae of Cafp^pte anb Rtfyatante, 
Jinb manye a maybe of wfjicty ttfe name 3 wante : 

C S>emytamm, Canbace anb $>ercufee, 
T&iMie, Oibo, (tljieBe, anb pitamm, 
(Zmttam, 3feoube, pavie, anb #c#tffee, 
<£tyne, Cftopatre, anb (Cropfue, 
■§>itta> anb ek £0e mobpr of &omufue, - 
Jfffe tfleee were pepnttb on ttyat otfjit eybe, 
3tnb at §ete fow anb inwQat pfyt tfjey beybe. 

<C W#an3lwae come a^en umto t§e p(ace 
fotfat 3 of epak, tfyatwae eo eote anb grene, 
Jfore^wefk 3 ttjo mynmtvyn to eotace. 
rt£#o wae 3 war w#er ttfat t§et eat a queene 
fotyat ae of fy$f$t tfje eomerie eunnye etfene 
paeeitf} t$e eterre, rtg#t eo owrmeeure 
§>§e faprere wae ttfan ony creature. 

(C3tnb in a Caunbe upion an #tf of ffourte 
Wat eet ttfie no6fe gobbeeee Mature. 
<©f 6raunc#tewere flere flaffie anb (fete 6oum 
3f*> wrought after (Jere caet anb §ete meeutit; 
tie tflerewaefouf tfyat corny t^ of engenbrure, 
(1£§at ttfey newere af preet in (fete presence, 



(Co take tyite bom anb geve tyite aubyence. 

CT jfor ttyiewae on §>eynt iootantynye bay, 

Wtyan evety Btyb comytty ttyete to ctyeee tyie make, 
Of every kynbe ttyat men ttyynke may; 
3tnb ttyat eo tyeu&e a noyee $an ttyey make, 
fctyat etttye anb eyt anb tte anb evety Cake 
J)o fuf wae, ttyat onettyewae ttyete epace 
Jfor me to etonbe, eo fuf wae af ttye ptace. 

CT Jfnb ngfit ae Jtfejm, in ttye pteynt of fkynbe, 
Oevyeetty Klatut in atay anb face*, 
3ln ewicty atay men my&tyte tyite ttyete fynbe. 
fctyie noBi( empeteeee, fuf of grace, 
T&ab evety font to take tyie owene ptace, 
Tte ttyey wetewonyb atwey from yet to yeete 
£>eynt footantynye bay to etonbyn ttyeete. 

C (ttyat ie to eeyn, ttye fontie of tavyne 

Were tyeyeet eet, anb ttyanne ttye fontie emafe, 
(ttyat etyn ae tyem nature wof&e enctyne, 
Re wetm or ttyyng, of wtyicty 31 tette no tate*, 
3tnb watyt/fout eat foweete in ttye bate, 
J5ut font ttjat tyvytty be eeb eat on ttye Qtene, 
Rnb ttjat eo fete ttyat wonbyt wae to eene. 

C* (ttyete myztyte men ttye tyate$te fynbe, 
(ttyat witty tyie etyatpe tok peteitty ttye eunne*, 
Rnb ottyete e$tie of a fowere kynbe, 
Of wtyictye ttyat ctetkie wet bevyee cunne; 
(ttyetwae ttje titannt witty tyie febetye bunne 
3tnb $tey, 3f mene ttye $oetyauk ttyat botty pyne 
(to 6tybbie for tyie outta&eoue tavyne; 



7*n 

C (ttye $entyt facoun ttyat witty tyie feetbiettaynytty 
(ttye kyn$ie tyanb \ ttye tyatby epettyauk eke, 
(ttye quaytie foo 5 ttye mevitioun ttyat paynytty 
fyymmtf fut ofte ttye farke for to eeke*, 
(ttyete wae ttye bouve,witty tyite eyen meke*, 
(ttye jetow ewan, atQene (jive betty ttyat eyn&itty; 
(ttye oufe ek, ttyat of betty ttye Bobe BvynQytty; 

(C (ttye cvane $eaunt,witty tyie ttompie eoun; 
(ttye ttyef ttye ctyou$ty, anb ek ttye jangefpnge pye$ 
(ttye ekomyn$e jay; ttye etie fo, tyetonn*, 
(ttye fatee tapwyn$e, fuf of ttectyetye; 
(ttye 6tav?yn$, ttyat ttye tonseyt can Betwteye; 
(ttye tame ro&ok, anb ttye cowatb kyte*, 
(ttye kok, ttyat otiose ie of ttyotpie Cyte; 

C~ (ttye epatwe, t>enm eone; ttye nytytyn&ate, 
(ttyat ttepitty fort? ttye gtene (evye newe; 
(ttye ewatwe, motttyetete of ttye Beee ema(e } 
(ttyat makyn tyony of ffourte froec^e oftyewe; 
(ttye webbeb turttf, witty tyite tyette ttewe$ 
(ttye pokok, witty tyie a\xn$etie ctottyie Bty$tyte; 
(ttye feeaant, ekornere of ttye cok Be nystyte; 

C (ttye wakyt $ooe; ttye cokkow moet onkynbe 5 
(ttye popynjayjuf of beticaeye^ 
(ttye brake, ettoyeve of tyie owene kynbe; 
(ttyeetotk, ttyewtekeve of atvoutetyei 
(ttye tyote covmetaunt fuf of $?otenye; 
(ttye taven wye 5 ttye ctowe, witty vote of caxe 5 
(ttye ttyutetit otb 5 ttye ftoety fetbefate. 

C Wtyat etyutbe 31 eepn? <0f foutye evety kynbe 



SKOX 

(ttyat in tfjteworfb fjatf} feberte anb stature, 
($en mpgfltpn in ttyat pface aeeem6febe fpnbe 
TBpfove tfle no6fe gobbeeee Mature; 
3tnb evetictfe oftyem 6e6e (Jie 6cej> cure 
ISenpgnefp to cfleee or for to take 
35p ?tre a/toib tfie formef or tfie make. 

C 2Sut to ttye poynt,-tlatute tyetb on tyite #onb 
Jt formefe egfe, of eflap t#e gentiffeete 
fl£#at ewre e#e a^mong tyke werkte fonb; 
flTfle moete Benygne anb ttye goobfteete; 
3fn #ire wae eveti vettu at fjie reete 
£>o fer fort?, t#at Mature (jimeetfe tyabbe 6fpeee 
/Co foke on #tre anb ofte #ire 6ek to kpeee. 

CT Mature, vicarpe of t#e afmpg^tp Corb, 
(€#at #ot, cofb, #e?p, fpgfjte, mopet, anb brepe 
$>at# knpt, witty event noumBerte of a^corb, 
3fn eep vope gan for to epeke anb eeye > 
'Jfoufte, take tyeb ofmyn centence, 31 prepe, 
,3fn5, for pore eee in fort^erpng of poure nebe, 
JTe faete ae 31 map epeke 31 wefe pow epeebe* 

C" ' 2e kno we wef #o w ,J>epnt joofantpnpe bap, 
2Sp mpn etatute anb t#org# myn go wrnaunce, 
22e come for to ctfeeee-anb ffe poure wep- 
32oure makie, ae 3f prtke pow wit? pfeeaunce; 
3Sut nattjetee mpn rpgfltfuf orbenaunce 
($ap 3 nat 6reke for at ttyiewottb towynne, 
RCtfat f}e ttfat moet iexvotttfietfat 6e$ynne. 

iC'fofc terefet egfe, ae ttfat ye knowe fuf we£, 
aCtfe foiif rpaf, a^6ovpn ewrp begre, 



Mfjewyee anb wortfli, eecre, ttewe ae etet, 
Wtyictfejtjave fotmyb ae ye may wet ee 
3ln evety part ae it Beet tikyttf me,- 
3ft nebitty not $ie e#ap yow to bevyee,- 
Sfe etjatfetet ectfeee anb epekyn in §ie $yee. 

C 'Rnb a f*F 9? m 6? otbeve etfut ttfey ctyeee, 
Jlftyt youte kynbe, eveticty ae ye tyky t§, 
3tnb ae youte #ap ie etfut yewynne ot teee; 
15ut wtiictf of yow ttfat tove moet enttikytf} 
iSob eynbe tyym ffite ttjat eoteet for tfim eykytf}.' 
3(nb t#envit#af t§e teteet$an efye catte, 
Tinb eeybe,' Qftyn eone, ttfe ctfoye ie to yow faffe. 

CT *%ut natfyetee, in tfyie conbicioun 

&}ot be ttje ctfoye ofevetictf ttfat ie tfeete, 
fctfat ef}e atQte to tfie eteccioun 
Wtioteo $e Be ttjat etfutbe Be fjite feere; 
(€f$ie ie oute ueage atwey from yet to yeete, 
Rnbwfyom may at tf$ie tyme tfave fjie grace, 
3fn Btieefut tyme tfe cam into ttfie pface* 1 

C Wit? §eb enctyneb anb wit? #um6fe cfleere 
(ttyie tyat teteet epak, anb tatiebe no$f$tt 
'fontto myn eoveteyn taby> anb not myn fete, 
3! ctfoee anb cf}eee,witf}witanb tyette anb t$ou$f}t, 
(C?e formef on youte ffonb, eo wet u wrought, 
VQtfoe 3f am at anb evetewete §ite eetve, 
£)o wtfat tfite teet, to bo me teve ot etetve, 

CT 'ISeeeky n$e #ire of merci anb of grace, 
Re efje ttyat ie myn taby eoveteyne; 
Or tet me beye present in tffte ptace*, 



ZzttXXX 

Jfor cettie, ton&e3lmay nat tyve in payne, 
jfor in myn Qette ie kovvyn evety veyne; 
Rnb f}avyn&e onty reward to myn troutfle, 
&}yn fceere tfette flaw of myn wo eum toutfje ! 

C '#nf> if tfjat 31 to IJpre 6e founb untrewe, 
£)teo6epeaunt, or wtffuf necftgent, 
Rvauntout, or in procee (ove amewe, 
31 prepe eo yo w tflte 6e mjw jugement, 
flDfae wtfl tfleee foufte 6e3faf torrent, 
(€f}at itke bay iff at evete etye me fynbe 
(to fltre untrue, or in myn sift unkynbe. 

CRnb, eyn ttyat fltre tovytty non eo wet ae 31, 
Jff 6e it ttyat etje me neveve of tove Betfjeette, 
(ttfanne outfte efle Be myn tflurgfl tjite mercp, 
Jfor otflir 6on& can 31 non on fltre areete; 
tie nevete for no wo ne etfat 31 fette 
(to eetvyn flire, $ow fer eo ttfat etfe wenbe^ 
§>ayw§at yow teete, myn tate i$ at an enbe: 

<Cfoy&$t ae tfle froeefle, rede roee newe 
R'i$en tfje eomyt ennne cofourefc ie, 
y&y$t}t eo, for etfame, at weyen $an ttye tyewe 
<Dft^teformefe,w^ane9e^er5eaft9te. 
J>#e neptfltr amwetbe i Wef,' ne eeybe a mye, 
J>o sore atBaetytwae etje, tyttfjat Mature 
£>eybe, ( £)oug#ter, fcre&e nought, 31 yow assure. 

C Jt nottfit teteete&te epak amon, 

©f fower kpn&e, an& 6eybe/(€$at etjat nat Bel 
31 fove (fit 6et ttfan ye bon> Be §>eynt Ion ! 
<0r at ttje teete 31 tove aewetae ye, 



Ttnb fongere tyave eetvyb tyite in mpn fcegre; 
3tnb ifetye etyufbe a toveb for fong fovpnge, 
(Co me fuffonge tyabbe 6e tJJe ger&onpnge, 

C '31 bat ek eepn, if e#e me fpnbe fate, 
iwkpnbe, or jangefere, or re6ef onpwpee, 
<Dr gefoue, 60 me ffangpn 6p t#e 0afo; 
Jfnfr, 6ut 3 6ere me in tyite eervpee 
#0 wef ae ttyat myn wit can me euffpee, 
Jfrom popnt in popnt #pre honour for to eave, 
fl£ak tfje mpnfif an5 af ttye goo& 31 #aw.' 

Cfctye t#re&6e tercef egfe anewer&e ttyo, 
' too w, eiree, pe eeen t#e fptif fepe er (Jeere, 
Jpor ewrp fouf crpet# out to 6cn atgo 
jforrtj witty tyie mak, or witty tyie taby fceere, 
Rnb ek Mature tyitemifne wete not tyeete, 
jfor earpin^e tyete,not tyatf ttyat 3wo(be eeye, 
Rnb 6ut 31 epeke 31 mot for eorwe beye* 

C~ ' Of ton& eetvyee avante 31 me nothing 
(€#at poeeiBfe ie to me to &epe to^ap 
Jfor wo, ae tye ttyat tyatty 6en fangupeepnge 
fotyie twentp peer, anb aewet tyappyn map 
JT man map eervpn 6et anb mote to pap 
3ln #aff a per, aft#og# it were no moore 
fl£#an sum man botty ttyat tyatty tetvyb fuf poore 

C" ( 3 eep not ttyie 6p me, for 31 ne can 

©on non eerppee t#at map myn taby pfeee; 
1Sut 31 bar eepn 31 am tyite tteweete man, 
JJe to myn bom, anb fayneete wotbe tyite e$e; 
Jft 6tyottewotbie,-ti( ttyat betty me eeee; 



Jiwete Ben Qetie wfyete 31 wake or wynhe, 
3tnb ttexve in atttfat fyette may BetfjynheS 

OJf at myn tyf eyn ttjat bay 3lwae Bom 
J>o $entit pte in tove or ottfit t§yn& 
Vie tfetbe neveve no man me Betfotn, 
VQffO 60 fyabbe teyeet anb cunnyng 
jfor to tetfetee (tyre ctfet anb §iu epekyn&x 
Jinb from ttfe motwe $an ttfie epectfe taete 
feyt bownxvatb btow tf$e eunne wonbit faete. 

COZtfe noyee of foufte for to Ben betyveteb 
J>o tonbe ronge, %ave bon anb tat m wenbe ! * 
(ttfat wet wenbe3l tfye wobe tyabbe at towtyveteb. 
'Cum of! ' ttjey ctiebyn, 'attas^ ye wete m etfenbe I 
VPtfan etfat yonte cuveebe ptetynge tfavyn an enbe ? 
fyow etfutbe a juge eyttyit pavtie teve 
Jfor ye or nay> witfyoutyn otfyit pteve ? ' 

C (ۤe goos, ttye cokkow, anb tfje boke ateo, 

£>o ctyebe, ( &ek, kek! ' 'fkokkowV i SXuek, quekl ' on §ye, 

(&§at tfjutgf} myne evye tfjenoyeewente £#o. 

OCfje $006 eeybe, '3(t t$ie ny$ not wotttf a ftye l 

%nt 3f can etfappe Qetofa remebie, 

3tnb 3f wete eeye myn vevbit fayte anb ewyttfe, 

jfor watyp/font y wtfoteo Be wtotf} or BtytfyeS 

<U ' J^nb 3f for wetm font I ' qnob t$e fot kokkowe; 
' !Mnb 3I wete of myn owene autotite, 
jfor comnn profit, tak on,-no cfjavg #owe,- 
jfor to betyveve m ie &tet ctfatiteS 
c £e may aBybe a wtfite yit, petbe V 
SXuob t$e tuvtit, ( if it Be youte witte 



3t wig#t may epeke, fym were ae fayt 6en etytte. 

<£7 ( 3I am a ee&^fouf, on t#e onwort^teete, 
(C#at wot 3! wef, an& fitif of cunnjwge, 
15ue 6et te ttjat awytftie tun$e reete, 
(C#an entitmetyn §ym of euctfe boin$e 
Of w#tc# §e neyttyit tebe can, ne fynbe ,* 
Jtnbwtfom botfj, fuf foufe (fym eeff a/Cfopit#, 
Jfor offpe uncommptteb ofte ^110^0^^ 

C Mature, w#tc# t^at afwep #a&5e an ere 
(Co murmur of t$e fewe&eneeee, 6fpn5e, 
Wtt# facounb voyee eeybe, ^oH) poure tungte t$ere! 
Rnb 3 etfa? eone, 3 #ope, a coneey £ fyn&e, 
2?ow to betyveie, an6 from t^te nopee un6{W&e 
3 juge on ewrp fFok men e#uf on caffe 
(Co eeyn t#e wr&tt for pow foufpe affe* 1 

<U#eeentte were to ttfie condneionn 
(C#e 6rtebte affe, anb foufte of ravpne 
fyan cljoeyn fpret, By pfapn efecctoun, 
(Cf?e tereefet of t#e facoun, to biffyne 
Jff 0ere ccntcnce ae #em feete to termjwe; 
Jfnfc to Mature ffym gunne to preeente, 
Jfn& e#e accept^ ffym wit# $?ab entente. 

C~(C?e terefet eep&e ttfen it) tffte manetet 
i JPuf #ar& were it to prove 6p reeoun 
W#o fovptfl 6eet tfjie genttf formefe #eere, 
Jfor evetytf} #at# ewtc# repftcactoun 
(tfjat non By ekittie may 6een Brought aiboun, 
3 can not ee ttfat at&umentie avayte; 
fofyanne eemytf} it ttfete mmte 6e Batapfe* 1 



C l Rt tebyV quob ttyi6e egti6 tercefe ttyo. 
'Klay, eiree/quofc ^e/if t^at 3 iwrete it eepe 
2Je bon me wrong, myn tate ie not Ubo, 
Jfor, eitee, ne takitty not a/gtef, 3 pteye, 
3it r\\ay not gon ae pe wofte in ttyi6 weye; 
<0ure ie ttye vope tflat flan tfle cflarg on flon&e, 
#n& to tfle jugie bom pe motpn eton&ej 

C ' Jfn& ttyetfote, pee ! 31 eepe ; ae to myn wit, 
fl?cwofl)e tflpnke flow tflat tfle wortflieet 
<Df knpgtflo&, an& tengeet tyatty ueeb it, 
tyoet of eetat, oftitob ttje gentitteete, 
Were eittyngeet for flire, if ttyat tyet feete, 
Jf n& of tfleee ttyte efle wo t tyitemt f, 31 tro we, 
Wflicfle tflat fle 6e, for flire ie ft^r^e to knowe.' 

C (ttye watpwfoufie tyan tyete tyebie teib 
/Co ge&ere, anb of a eflort avyeement, 
Wtyan evettyctye tyabbe flie farge gofe eep&, 
(Cflep eepbpn eo tflfp, at 6e on aeeent, 
fyoyv ttyat ' tfle gooe, witty tyke facounbe eo gent, 
(ttyat eo fceepritfl to pronounce oure nebe, 
§>tyat tette oure tate," anb prepefce iSob tyite epebe. 

C Refot ttyeee watpr foufte ttyo began 
(ttye gooe to epeke, anb in tyite kakefpnge 
£>tye eeybe, i pee ! now tak hep evety man, 
3tnb flerkenptfl wfltcfl a teeoun3 etyat 6rpnge; 
Qftyt] wit i6 etyatp, 3 tove no tatyinge ; 
3 eeye, 3 tebe tyym, ttyow tye wete myn Brotflir, 
3Sut etye wete Cove tyym tet tyym take amotflir/ 

C 'Co, tyete a petfit teeonn of a goo6V 



SXuob ttye epettfauke, ( nevete mot e§e tfje I 
£o y eicf} it ie to flaw a tun&e (00$ I 
tlow petbe, fof, now were it 6et for ttfe 
fyan Qotbe tQyn pee, ttfan eflewe tfjyn nyeetel 
3lt tytty nat in $ie xvitte, ne in $ie wtffe, 
TSut eot§ ie eeyb, a fof can not Ben etitte^ 

(C (€#e faugfltere atoe of&enti? foutie affe, 
Ttnb ti&fyt amon tlje eebtfont ctfoeyn fjabe 
fofye tuttte ttewe, anb $unne fltre to flem cdffe, 
3tnb ptey cbc fltre for to eeyn tfye eotfje eabbe 
<Df ttfie matete, anb ayeebewtyat e§e tabbe. 
Ttnb efle anewetbe, ttfat pteynty fltre entente 
§>§e wotbe it etfewe, anb eottfty vofjat etfe mente. 

C* 'Hap, l$ob forBefce, a fowre etfutbe cQmngeV 
fCfle tattle eeybe, anb we$> for etfame teb j 
1 flTflow tffat §ie taby evete mote Be ettaun&e, 
%it (at $ym eetve Ijite tit ttjat (je Be beb. 
$oteotf}e3lpteyee nat ttfegoeieteb, 
Jfor tflow ectfe beyebe3i wotbenon otfjit make, 
3f wefe Ben fltre tit ttjat tQe bettj me take ! ' 

C ' Wef tttMt,' quob tlje boke, ( By myn (fat I 
(Htfat men ef$u? tovyn afwep, caueetee, 
VQffO can a teeoun fynbe, or wit in tffatt 
Oauneitf} §e mutye ttfat ie my tttjelee? 
Wtfat e(ja(be 3Irekke offjym ttjat ie recflefee? 
&ek, kekf yiteeitf} tfje &oke, fufwef anb fapre, 
' (tfjete Been mo etettie, i&ob wot, ttfan a payte I ' 

<E7 'tlovv fye, cflerf! quob tf$e$enti( teteetet, 
1 Out of t$e bon^itcam tfjat wotb fattigfft, 



(ttfon canet nat eeenvetfat tffyng ie wef 6mtt $ 
fctfoxv fatet 6p fow ae outye bon 6p fpgflt, 
flt#e &<*P font 6fent, 6ut wef ttfey een 6e npff ?e j 
fctfyn kpnfce te of eo fow a wrecfle&neee, 
fctfat xvtfat tove ie t#ow canet nat eeen nc &eeeS 

C~ (Zfyo &an ttye kokko w put tfym fottf} in ptee 
jfor fouf tfjat etitfy werm, anb eeybe 6fpt#e, 
*4>o 31,' quod #e, ' map #aw mpn make in pee 
3f rec#e nat #o w fonge t^at pe etrp w ; 
1Zat ecfje oftfem Sen eofeyn at tfete tyve; 
(Zfyie ie myn re5, eyn tfjey may nat atcotbe, 
(ttfie eflorte feeeoun nebitfj nat tecotbeS 

<U *22e,"#aw ttfe gfotottn fitb tmow §ie pauncfye, 
fctyanne ate we wef," ' eep&e ttfanne a merftoun ,- 
i (€#ow motttfetete oftfje #epeoge on ttye Btaunctfe 
(l£f$at 6roug#te ttye fort#! t#ow reufuffee gfotoun! 
Cew t#ow eoteyn y werme cotupciounl 
jfor no fore ie of fak of t#pn nature! 
itfo, fewefc 6e t#ow, w#tfe ttyat tfje worffc may buteV 

<U ' flow pee/ quob Mature, i 3f comaunfce #ere ! 
Jfor 3f #ave fjetb at poure oppnpoun, 
Jfnfc in effect yit 6e we newre t§e nere; 
ISut fpnaffp, t^ie ie myn concfuetoun,- 
(&$at e$e #tre//eeff etfat §an ttye efecctoun 
Of w#om #ire feet, w#o eo 6e wrotfl or 6fpt#e, 
$>pm ttfat e$e ctfeeitf}, $e etfat #tre $an ae ewtt^e ; 

<C ' Sot eyn it may not §ete biecueeib 6e 
Wtfo tovyttf ffite 6eet, ae eeyttf t§e tereefet, 
fctfanne wefe 3f 6on #tre tfyie favour, ttjat effe 



J>#af fjan ti&$t tfym on vvtfom Qive tfette ie eet, 
JJnb $e fyite ttyat tfie tfette tfatf} on #tre knet; 
fctfue juge 31, Mature, for 3f map not fpe 
(Co non eetat, 3 #aw non otfjit eye* 

C~ *38ut ae for coneepf for to c#eee a make, 
3ff 31 were &eeoun, certte t#annetvofi>e3f 
Coneepfe pow t#e rpaf tereef take, 
Jfe eep&e t$e teteetet fuf ekpffuffp, 
Tie for t$e $entitteete anb moetwotttfi 
Wfftcf} 31 tfave wrought eo wef to myn pfeeaunce 
(tfjat to yow ougflte to 6een a eujfteaunce*' 

C~ Wit# fcre&fuf wie t#e formef ttfo anewetbe : 
* ($pn rtgfltfuf fa&p, $obbeeee oftlatute, 
£>ot§ ie t$at3l am evete unbyt poure per&e, 
Jte ie evetyefje tyxie creature, 
3tnb mot Ben poure wtfit ttyat myn fpf map 6ure; 
3(nb tflerfore gtauntytf} me mpn ferete 6one, 
Jfnb myn entent tfyat wfeSleepn rtgflt eoneS 

1C i 3f Qtaunte it yow,' quob e#e, anb ti$f$t amon 
(£§ie formef egfe epak in ttfie begtei 
i Jf fmpgfltp queen, unto ttyie yet 6e $on 
3f a^pe reeptt for to atviee me, 
3tnb aftpr ttyat to tjave myn ctyoye atfte ; 
(l£§ie at anb earn ttfat 3l wefe epeke anb eeye ; 
He gete no mote attttfow pe bo me beye. 

CT'Sfwfenat eerwn loenueneCupibe, 
Jforeotlje aeptt,6eno manerewepe/ 
' tlow, eyn it may non ot^trwee 6etp6e, 1 
SXnob tfjo toatare, ( fleere ie no mote to eeye; 



dEQanne wotbe3l ttyat ttyeee font ie were ameye, 
<Scf}e witty tyie make, for tarptnge ten$eve fleere,' 
Jf n& eep&e #em ttym, ae pe 6#uf af tpr JJere. 

<U ' (Co pow epeke3f, pe terefetie/quob Mature, 
'ISetty of goob flerte anb eervptfl, affe t#re ; 
«# per nie nat 00 fonge to en&ure, 
3tnb ectfe of pow petgnpnge in tjie begre 
Jfor to 5o wef, for, H30& wot, qupt te etye 
Jfor pow t^ie per,w#at aftpr eo Be^faffe; 
(C#te entremee te breeetb for pow affe*' 

<U #n6 w#an t#te werk at Brought was to an enbe, 
(Co everp fouf Mature &af tyie make 
H>y evene a^corb, anb on tyete wepe ttfey wenbe; 
ISM, Corb, ttye btme anb jope ttyat t#ep make ! 
Jfor ectj $an otfjit in $i$ wpngte take, 
Rnb wttfj tyete nekkie ectfe $an otflpr wynbe, 
(C^ankpnge afwep t#e no6fe queen of Epnbe. 

C" IBut fpret were ctyoeyn foutie for to epnge, 
Jf e, per 6e per, wae afwep t#e ueance, 
(Co epnge a Kounbefe at #ere 5epartpnge, 
/Co bon to Mature honour anb pfeeaunce. 
/C#e note 31 trow t^maktb wae in Jfraunce, 
(C#e worbie were e wec#e ae pe map flere fpnbe 
(C#e ne^pte wre, ae 31 now #aw in mpnbe. 

C^o w wefcome, eomore, wtt# t#p eonne eofte, 
(Cflat tyaet tfleewtntree xvebtee ovitewQake 
3tnb brevpne a^wap ttye tat$e ny^tytee Stake : 
i>apnt Jbofantpne, ttyat ert fuf tyye fofte, 
(C#ue eyn^en emate foutee for t^f sake. 



Wefe f}an tljep came forto tfaben ofte, 
J)et#e et§ of (Jem vecovetebe Qattye fye make $ 
Sat Btieeefut mo we ttyey Sen w#en ttfey awake, 
(CRnbmtf} tffe efjoutyn&xvtfan tffe eon&wae bo 
(!£f$at ttfe foufpe mabyn at flere ffy&tft a wep , 
3f wok, anb ottfete 6okpe tok me to, 
(€0 teebe upton; anb p it 3f vebe afwep, 
3fn #ope iwte to tebe eo eum 5ap, 
(ۤat 31 e#af mete eum/tfywg for to fare 
(C0e 6et ; anb t#ue to re&e 31 nefe nat spare. 



i_2Xpftctt tractatue 6e congregactone 
VJ foofucrum 6ie £>ancti ioatentinu 



OE0* te^t of t$ie printing office pattement 
of Jfoufee ie t#at of ttjc ebition of Chaucer in t$e 
IBtitiet} poet6,wf}ictt ie 6aeeb on t#e reading of 
($,§♦ H>&4*27, in ttfc Cam6ribge joniwreitp Ct^ 
6rarjn <C7C#ree 0unfcre& anb ftventp^fiw copies 
were printed at t#e 3ftiwreii>e |>reee in 3fanuarp, 
tybcccciv, for #>oug#ton, ($ifffinan& Company, 
35oeton anb tlexv £ork. Ofto* 301. 




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